Our skin constantly undergoes the shedding of its cells as the body to replace older cells by producing new cells naturally. This happens to the scalp skin too. Furthermore, on everyone’s scalp, a single-celled microbe or fungus called Malassezia globosa naturally lives which is known to feed on oils and release oleic acid (unsaturated fat) during the process that can cause skin irritation and inflammation, and can cause excessive dandruff on the scalp.
Dandruff is a harmless (non-contagious) scalp condition that causes flaky and itchy skin. Some people overlap its definition with Seborrheic Dermatitis which is a chronic form of eczema that can affect any part of the body's skin producing an excess of sebum (natural skin oils). However, dandruff is a common dermatological concern wherein there is excessive shedding of the top skin layer (consisting of dead skin cells) of the scalp, eyebrows, or along the sides of the nose. It is found in both males and females irrespective of their age and ethnicity but most commonly it occurs in adolescence up to midlife when sebaceous glands are most active. It is primarily considered an aesthetic issue that many people find unattractive and feel awkward rather than a medically serious problem. If one is suffering from dandruff issues, they can avail the best dandruff treatments in Noida at Skinlogics.
Dandruff is characterized by:
According to hair specialist doctors in Noida at Skinlogics, dandruff is a result of rapid maturing and falling of the scalp skin cells precipitated by excess sebum secretion. It is the unusual desquamation of the epidermis that can likely be caused by poor scalp hygiene contributing to the rapid growth of Malassezia furfur and oils build-up. Some causative factors include:
Some risk factors
How is dandruff diagnosed?
Dandruff is a self-diagnosable condition that anyone can spot by simply looking at the scalp. If it is not treated, then the healthcare provider may perform a skin biopsy to rule out all possible related issues. It may be classified as mild, moderate, or severe after knowing the hair care routine and the symptoms of the scalp skin condition.
Best Treatment options for Dandruff
Gentle OTC shampoo
The patients must regularly wash their hair with a light shampoo by gently massaging the scalp to reduce the oil and skin cell build-up and loosen the flakes.
Prescribed dandruff treatment
If dandruff persists even after using over-the-counter shampoos for several weeks, then the patient can go for a prescribed anti-dandruff shampoo. This includes ketoconazole-based shampoos that are antifungals; topical corticosteroid lotions; or calcineurin that works by suppressing the immune system.
OTC anti-dandruff/ anti-fungal shampoo
For mild to moderate cases of dandruff, the patient must try to alternate between two to three medicated shampoos for a few weeks. While purchasing the anti-dandruff shampoos at the drugstore one must look for the following ingredients:
To know the dandruff treatment cost, please feel free to visit Skinlogics.